The Banana Massacre

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The story begins with a riot from the banana workers in Colombia , due to insuficcient working conditions and low wages , these workers decided to riot untill they get what they deserve. However when we think about the time that happened the laws were not that regulated and strict. In order to get a decent working conditions the workers continued this riot for a month. After company realized this is going to be a greater problem , because they can't figure it out how to finish this riot.

Obviously State involved in order to solve this matter and threaten Colombian goverment to invade them , if they don't solve this problem and protect the interests of the United Fruit Company. Not surprisingly the Colombian Goverment felt threatened because of this ultimatom from USA and they sent Colombian Army to prevent this riot.

A Postcolonial Perspective on the Banana Massacre

Colombian Army warned the workers to quit this nonsense however workers continued their riot after 5 minutes of warning they shoot all the banana workers to solve this problem. The General who leads the army accepts that they killed 47 workers , however in other sources it says that the number was and after doing this massacre they threw the fellow workers bodies to the sea. United Fruit Company still struggling with law suits because of that incident happened in Downvoting a post can decrease pending rewards and make it less visible.

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Banana Massacre , The nature of its existence and violence is cyclical. However, it is important to note that whether it be a factory of advanced industrialization or a plantation of bananas, this symbol of innovation still serves to reemphasize the imperialist and neo-colonialist economic reality of the region.

Although alluding to the great strike of , Truque discusses a factory that brings in dust and dirt to the inhabitants, as a foreign invasion whose product is not native to the soil where it is produced, like bananas. Their presence indeed reinforces exploitation and violence, and in the case of the depiction of everyday life offered by Truque, an understanding that hunger is an unavoidable aspect of the domestic space.

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In his critical analysis of this scarce economic security that the capitalist edifice provides, Marvin A. Lewis says:. His departure will ultimately result in the repetition of historical violence, tied directly to the events surrounding the banana plantation laborers. He highlights these basic elements of survival in congruence with marginalized communities, in particular with Afro-Colombians who have historically represented a large portion of this class struggle between the worker and the factory. Lewis explains the intertwining of race and class as core elements of which authors such as Truque, Palacios, and Zapata Olivella have been historically conscious:.

The word Afro-Colombian is used in this study to suggest that these writers recognize the importance of their ethnic backgrounds in the development of their literary creations and in the manner in which they relate to Colombian society.

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They are faced with the task of writing both as Colombians and as blacks. This creates a unique problem of duality of perspective since they cannot separate the situation of poor blacks from that of the majority of destitute Colombians. The boundaries that slavery imposed have historically victimized Afro-Colombians within racist systemic practices, such as lack of access to both education and alternative opportunities for employment.

Brought on by both class and racial hierarchies, this subordinate position proves to be a manifestation of the continuation of a subtler, institutionalized and, thus, more dangerous violence. We believe that it is for these aspects that his focus on the violence against the bananeros in the Caribbean has been largely ignored and uncategorized within the breadth of literary interpretations of this event. Rememory, then, serves as an analytical tool, placed at the crossroads between fiction and non-fiction, memory and erasure within the national historical conscience.

T hough the presence of the UFC provided much fodder for Latin American authors, it is the performativity of bananas that have produced enduring icons within popular culture. Through artistic performance we are able to witness how visual culture employs rememory as a way to address a difficult shared history. One of the most common tropes of the banana is its comedic aspect, which can be traced as far back as the s. Her Afro-Colombian identity informs her critical conscious and socio-cultural engagement in her performances.

Through a brief examination of the methods and techniques of advertising, Barthes describes the ways in which food has served in commemorating, and communicating, historical events or processes. Both wigs are made of stainless-steel wool scrubbing pads. The many coils of the stainless steel are a riff on the coils of natural hair, carefully coiffured.

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  • The spun-metal cleaning scrubs also remind us that the subject is in a domestic interior space where she is engaged in household labor. In another photograph she appears to strike a disco pose while holding the broom in her left hand and pointing at the sky with her extended right hand. The suit is designed in the same s aesthetic, with a banana-yellow kitchen tile print as the wallpaper and ironing board cushion sleeve. These visually repeated patterns can be understood as repeated behaviors: that is the reiterative negative stereotypes of blackness as buffoonish, servile, and inconsequential comedic wretchedness.

    The Brazilian anthropophagy movement of the early twentieth century was led by artists and authors whose manifesto conceptualized cannibalism as a form of resistance to imperialist forces. On the countertop are a few neatly arranged ripened bananas and an open blender with a gleaming chrome base.

    Her energy has been whipped into frenzy by the wild buzzing of the blender. In the third photograph she calmly stands to drink in the fruits of her labor Figure 7. She raises the glass with her eyes closed and with a toothy grin halts the actual consumption in savory expression. In other words, the photograph only pictures the raising of the glass and not the actual drinking of the smoothie.

    Her satiated visage quietly anticipates the sweetness of her labor, and the viewer is left almost unsatisfied in a voyeuristic way: the person finishing the series is not able to gain the pleasure of seeing the subject actually drink the product for which they have invested their gaze. Furthermore, by liquefying the banana in a smoothie the object is erased. Her photographs substitute gun violence with the mechanical and visual destruction enacted by the all-metal drive of a powerful blender, as well as her hand gestures simulating firearms.

    Her work intersects with rememory as a kind of re-enactment of the systematic destruction of banana laborers resulting in the gratified hunger for eating the Other and the safeguarding of capitalist agro-industrialization. Some of these performative aspects of bananas were represented in the first half of the last century by the cultural phenomena of Josephine Baker, Carmen Miranda, and Miss Chiquita Banana.

    The phallocentric bananas sharing the stage with the ripe strawberries illuminates the fecundity of male sexual desire imposed on the female body by deploying food as a sign system. The photographs and drawings of Fuenmayor play on this relationship of bananas and sexual innuendos, but with far more explicit overtones. In particular his Papare series , named after a Colombian banana plantation, comprises 15 photographs averaging 66 inches x 44 inches and featuring a young man in a verdant landscape whose head has been replaced with several hands of bananas reaching over 3 feet in height.

    Likewise, Fuenmayor intertwines the landscape, human labor, and complex subjectivities. This strategy is an attempt to realign the minds of potential international tourists away from the decades-long violence that came to a bloody climax with the drug wars of the s and s, in which Pablo Escobar became the metonymic stand-in for the Colombian nation. This delicate, almost alliterative difference is enough to conjure the banana republic fictional town of Macondo along with heavily charged political dramas, oral and literary traditions, and the painful memories of past and present.

    A body of work that examines ideas of exoticism and the complicit and amnesic relationship between ornamentation and tragedy. Opulent Victorian chandeliers and other elements, reminiscent of a decadent colonial past, proliferate from banana bunches, alluding to a tragic and violent history associated with Banana trade worldwide. I am interested in how ornamentation with its grace and excess has the capacity to camouflage and overshadow questionable circumstance of all kind Fuenmayor, His low-rise denim pants are tightly fitted descending to just beneath his hip bones.

    A trail of curly hair leads the eye from his navel directly down to the top of his blue jeans buttons. The verticality of the image also draws the eye upward to the phallic heavy-duty arrangement of bananas on top of his head. In a sense, what is hidden below is mirrored above through a presentation of the phallic bananas indicating a subtle hint as a double-portrait. Fuenmayor is playing with stereotypical tropes of the sexualized Latin lover whose erotic prowess is reflected in the taut poignancy of phallic fruits.

    Essentially, the subject becomes the phallic symbol presented as a sexualized object for consumption. In Los Encantos de la Violencia 1 , The Charms of Violence , the same Bananaman figure is standing on a dirt pathway wrapped in the darkness of night Figure Although his facial expression is concealed by the large hands of bananas, his wide-legged stance and body language are in vehement protest as he raises the machete to the night sky and flexes his left arm. The scene is dramatically lit from the left and casts shadows on the ground while outlining the figure in dangerous uncertainty.

    Reminiscent of film noir and surrealism, there is a dreamy texture to these works. His face is mostly obscured by a large floating green apple Figure Magritte referred to this work as a self-portrait expressing qualities of visibility and invisibility within the psychological and material realms and the struggles between the un seen.

    Fuenmayor replaces the Magrittian green apple with the green stalk of bananas, a tropical signifier that simultaneously connotes sexuality and Otherness. Nevertheless, Fuenmayor entertains a surrealist aesthetic that obscures the entire head region drawing comparisons between that which is seen and unseen.

    However, in the four Los Encantos de la Violencia portraits from this series, the machete and banana are indicators of violence, weapons of choice, and markers of identity. The banana held in his left hand is connected to the banana-head arrangement. What therefore, are the consequences of consumption when eating the head of Mister Bananaman?

    Again, how are these gestures symbolic of the systematic erasure of banana laborers in the archive and yet, endemic to tropes of the hyper-sexualized Latino body as a consumable body? One of the ironies of these juxtapositions is that while Fuenmayor has placed bunches of bananas as the face of a man, the UFC placed a face via the Chiquita Banana sticker on their bananas. Nevertheless, as a consumable unit, the banana once devoured disappears into the body, losing its identity. These developments are a call to the urgency of thinking about our past and present relationships between bananas and the body, memory and dislocations of memory, and banana futures.

    The banana in this fashion becomes a political actor in the drama of food and rememory as a form of resistance. Rememory refers to the struggle of reconciliation and remembering of traumatic experiences that are often connected to a specific place or event. The disappearance of the consumable banana body and the erasure of the collective memory of the massacre become a singular disappeared entity. The body of the community as a whole constitutes the memory driven by the connective tissue of deep trauma, suffering, and fated forces.

    Both real and imagined reconstitutions of memory are bona fide answers to an amnesiac landscape. Rememory requires not only communal participation, but invention to fill in the gaps and interstices obliterated by institutions through brutality. Chandeliers rose to prominence in Europe during the colonial period decorating lavish interiors.

    The 1928 Massacre of Banana Workers

    The larger and more ostentatious the chandelier was, the greater its value and status symbol of wealth, further emphasizing the affluence afforded by slave labor on colonial plantations. To emphasize this juxtaposition, Fuenmayor obtained various chandeliers on loan from luxury retailers. They were strung up in the canopies of the dense foliage and lit up at night powered by generators hauled into the rugged landscape.

    Suspended from the chandeliers were hands of bananas. The cascading form of the bananas dangled like the luxurious equivalency of the crystal chandeliers creating a double portrait of surrealist excess. Fuenmayor describes his approach thusly,. In the latest series, several Victorian chandeliers were attached to banana bunches in the midst of a banana plantation, lit at night and then photographed. The theatricality and dramatic nature of the imagery, subordinate the contradictory into a delicate and imaginative order, evoking a certain kind of reconciliation or tense harmony between two disjointed realities.

    As the past, the present, the exotic and the familiar collide, absurd and fantastic panoramas arise Fuenmayor. After obtaining permission from Papare, he was assisted by actual banana laborers who were compensated monetarily by Fuenmayor.

    Old Time Farm Crime: The Banana Massacre

    In what becomes a performative pendant to the Papare series, the video is vital to the reconstructive fabric of rememory as an artistic practice. This hunger for wholeness is closely tied to the landscape. It becomes a convention of ghosts witnessing in the dark recollecting the members : both bodies and bananas.